|Title||:||Why are we the only Humans that survived?|
|Added On:||:||17 June, 2018|
Why are we the only humans that survived evolution? From the first tools to cross breeding with Neanderthals…stay tuned to number 1 to find out why we were the only form of early humans to survive! This top 10 brought to you by Zero2Hero!! Don't forget to subscribe here! https://goo.gl/NXuChu Click here to see the Top 10 WORST Jobs in the World!! https://youtu.be/rFhAoiPDmek Number 10: Homo. Scientists have traced back the history of our species over millions of years, and here, we will focus on the a section of our history about the ‘Homo’ genus that encompasses modern humans and several extinct species which are classified as ancestral to or closely related to modern humans. As the study of our history is heavily reliant on the remains of our ancestors, the study of ‘homo’ species has developed significantly as scientific advancements have enable us to delve deep into the biological and genetic similarities and differences we share with early humans. Even today there is still a lot of debate about what defines a member of the ‘homo’ species and when different species or sub-species appear and disappear. Number 9: Homo Erectus. Homo erectus, sometimes referred to as ‘up right man’, is believed to have developed in Africa around two million years ago. Unlike some of the other extinct humans, it is widely accepted that Homo erectus looked and behaved in a human-like way. They are the oldest known early humans to have possessed modern-human like body proportions. They walked on two feet and used these feet to march out of Africa to ultimately spread out across Eurasia. This makes them the earliest human species known to have migrated long distances. They used tools, like us…and some academics, like Professor David Everett, even believe they used language to communicate – though not as complex as ours. This is something that has normally be associated with Homo-sapiens alone, but Everett believes they wouldn’t have been able to do the things they did without being able to communicate beyond the sort of communication we see in our closets living relatives today, such as the chimpanzee family. Obviously there are those who don’t agree with Everett’s view, and his theory is controversial, but if he’s right, it would mean that language was not just used by us Homo sapiens. Like nearly everything about our early history, there are still plenty of things we don’t know about Homo erectus, like did they grown like us? In other words, did they have a growth-spurt during their adolescent years? And while we know they used fire, we don’t know how widespread or regular it was. Number 8: Neanderthals. Homo neanderthalensis, also known as Neanderthals, are our closest extinct human relatives. The first skeleton was discovered in 1856 by a group of workmen in the Neander Valley in Germany. At first, they thought the bones belong to an animal so gave them to a local teacher, but scientists later identified them as early human. Since then, over 400 Neanderthal bones have been found in the valley. Neanderthals lived in Eurasia 200,000 to 30,000 years ago and shared the planet with early modern humans. In appearance, they are both similar and different to us. Although they were shorter, had prominent brow ridges and a wide nose, their characteristics are similar to ours. Early explorations in the study of Neanderthals often referred to them as being dumb brutes, but this was not the case, and more recent investigations by scientists and archaeologists has changed this opinion – though you still get incorrect representations of Neanderthals in pop culture. In fact, the discovery of tools, evidence of burials, and the ability to control fire, suggest that this species was in fact rather intelligent. There are even some finds that suggests they created jewelry. Although we’ve underestimated our closet extinct human relative in the past, now we can at least admire their development in the correct way. Before we move along, don’t forget to take a moment to like this video and subscribe to our channel for more videos from Zero2Hero! Number 7: Hobbit Humans. Today, on average, men measure 7 foot 7 inches and women 5 foot 3 inches, but this hasn’t always been the case. In our own species – Homo sapiens – there has been variation through the millennia. When we first arrived on the scene we were hunter-gathers, and as a result had bodies that reflected the need for stamina and strength, but this has change over millennia – but only slightly. Our closet extinct relatives, the Neanderthals, were more or less similar to early Homo sapiens, just maybe a bit bigger and stockier, but there are other homo species that were remarkably different from us and others.